Buying a new oil boiler is prohibited from this Friday

Buying a new oil boiler is prohibited from this Friday

There it’s finished! The oil-fired boilers, which equip 3.5 million households, will no longer be sold commercially and will no longer be able to replace another, from this Friday, July 1. New heating equipment must comply with a greenhouse gas emissions ceiling (300 grams of CO2 per kilowatt/hour), provided for by decree, which excludesthe installation of new equipment running on coal or fuel oil“, indicates the Ministry of Ecological Transition.

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All dwellings are concerned, old and new, main and secondary residences. Except for households that are technically unable to do without fuel oil. “This is the case of people who live in very remote places such as in high mountains and who are not connected to gas or electricity. They will have to send a technician to confirm it“, specifies Audrey Zermati, strategy director of Effy who affirms that these cases are “very marginal“. “Repairs to existing installations are not prohibited“, we say to the Ministry of Ecological Transition. In addition, may be kept “new equipment using heating networks, those powered by electricity such as heat pumps, including hybrids, biomass, solar or geothermal energy, gas or equipment powered by liquid biofuel (such as biofoul)” as long as they respect the emission cap of 300 grams of CO emissions2 per kilowatt/hour.

Risk of shortage

In concrete terms, the objective is to encourage individuals to change heating mode to avoid permanent breakdown rather than forcing them to change their boiler if it is still working. But what about supply? Fuel oil, the third heating energy in France (behind gas and electricity), is derived from oil and depends on imports and therefore on the geopolitical situation which is far from calm. Quite the contrary. What raise fears of a shortage and an even stronger surge in prices.

Because fuel oil prices have already risen sharply: +84% between the first half of 2021 and 2022! In one year, the bill has gone from 1717 euros to 3160 euros for a household consuming 2000 liters of fuel oil per year. “This is the best time to encourage households to part with their oil boilersays Audrey Zermati. It is the only energy that does not benefit from a “shield” like electricity or gas, except for wood, but its price has soared less (+20%) than that of fuel oil“.

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Since 2019, 416,000 oil-fired boilers have already been changed out of the 3.5 million still in operation. Households opt, as a priority, for pellet stoves and boilers (29%) then heat pumps (27%) (survey carried out at the end of 2021 by Ipsos for the National Housing Agency). “Heat pumps have the advantage of being equipment capable of heating the entire house where stoves are auxiliary heaters“, emphasizes Audrey Zermati, strategy director of Effy, specialist in energy renovation.

The problem is significant: heat pumps cost two or even three times more than oil-fired boilers. Their average cost is around 12,000 euros for a 90 m² house. And the larger the area, the higher the cost. To lighten the bill, the government has increased aid by 1,000 euros since April 15. If you earn between 40,000 and 60,000 euros per year, the public boost, Ma Prime Rénov’, amounts to 3,000 euros. You can also benefit from aid paid by a private operator (energy renovation specialist) of 2,500 euros. That is a remaining charge of more than 6300 euros. A household earning less than 30,000 euros will have to pay 2,800 euros (9,000 euros in total aid).

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And that’s not all: the removal of the old boiler also has a cost that varies between 1000 and 2000 euros. To relieve individuals, there is also public aid which can go up to 1200 euros for the most modest households. “More good news: in the first year, you can expect to save more than 1000 euros on averageconcludes Audrey Zermati.

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